DR. MARIA MONTESSORI
Following the inspiration and insights of Dr. Maria Montessori, Laniakea Montessori School takes seriously the privilege and responsibility of preparing children and adult learners for the sacred work of transforming lives, their own as well as those of their children and communities. Our understanding of children is embedded in a framework of compassion, joy and observation.
Maria Montessori (1870 – 1952) was a woman with a vision. She combined her scientific and academic knowledge with her strong spiritual grounding in service of children and a more peaceful world. She was Italy’s first female physician and she was chosen to represent her country at two different women’s conferences, in Berlin in 1896 and in London in 1900. She also became a professor of anthropology in 1904 at the University of Rome. This background served her well as her desire to help children grew and she began work in 1907 with a group of sixty young children of working parents in the San Lorenzo district of Rome. This was the first Children’s House, or Casa dei Bambini.
Montessori was a prolific writer as well as speaker and teacher. Her many books include:
The Absorbent Mind
The Discovery of the Child
Education for a New World
To Educate the Human Potential
The Formation of Man
What You Should Know About Your Child
The Child, Society, and the World
The Child in the Family
Spontaneous Activity in Education
Education for Human Development
Education and Peace
Montessori education is child-centered and developmentally focused and it emphasizes the integration of intellectual, physical, emotional, social, and spiritual growth. It has proven effective for children of diverse cultures and socioeconomic levels. Montessori education was reintroduced in the United States in the 1960’s and since that time there has been a growing interest in this approach as a way to meet the individual needs of students in an increasingly diverse society. It is also seen as a way to prepare them to be global citizens.
Research has shown that Montessori children are well prepared for later life academically, socially, and emotionally. They score well on standardized tests (Takacs, 1991; Duax, 1989) and they are ranked above average on criteria such as following directions, turning in work on time, listening attentively, using basic skills, showing responsibility, asking provocative questions, showing enthusiasm for learning, and adapting to new situations (Duax, 1989). Also, studies such as those completed by Takacs, Karnes, and Duax, show that Montessori education at both the preschool and elementary levels benefits low-SES children by giving them higher competence in basic skills, a better attitude toward school, and a greater chance of staying in school than their non-Montessori peers.